6 Best Computer Forensic Analysis Tools
Computer forensics is of much relevance in today’s world. Though forensic analysis refers to searching and analyzing information to aid the process of finding evidence for a trial, computer forensic analysis is specially focused on detecting malware. A computer forensic analysis tools help detect unknown, malicious threats across devices and networks, thus helping secure computers, devices and networks.
At a time when computers have become an integral part of our day-to-day lives, computer forensics is an area that evolves very rapidly. The technologies, the features and the methods used are changing and evolving very fast.
Now, let us take a look at some of the best forensic analysis tools that we have today:
SIFT (SANS Investigative Forensic Toolkit), also featured in SANS’ Advanced Incident Response course (FOR 508), is a free Ubuntu-based Live CD with tools for conducting in-depth forensic analysis. SIFT supports analysis of different evidence formats- Expert Witness Format, Advanced Forensic Format (AFF), and RAW (dd). Additionally, it includes tools like Scalpel for data file carving, Timeline for system logs, Rifiuti for examining the recycle bin etc. The features are:
- Latest forensic tools, techniques and provides better memory utilization.
- Auto-DFIR package update and customizations.
- Cross compatibility between the Windows and Linux operating systems.
- There’s the option to install stand-alone via .iso or else use via VMware Player/Workstation.
- Also, it has better memory utilization system and expanded filesystem support.
- You can find online Documentation Project at http://sift.readthedocs.org/
HackerCombat, one of the most sought-after computer forensic analysis tools available today, provides free forensic analysis. The software does a comprehensive scan of devices and networks for all kinds of unknown malicious threats. In fact, many leading organizations today use HackerCombat to protect themselves from new, sophisticated kinds of malware and to prevent data breaches.
The features of HackerCombat Free computer forensic analysis software are:
- Helps identify known good files, known bad files and unknown files, thereby identifying threats.
- It takes just 15 minutes to complete.
- Also it covers all systems in a network, looking for malicious files, and detecting threats lurking on endpoints.
- Gives a detailed forensic analysis summary report on finishing the malware scan. Also gives context and information on the network’s security posture.
- Newly discovered unknown files sent for analysis; additionally, the analysis gives a verdict of “good” or “bad” on all unknown files.
Many organizations today use CAINE (Computer Aided Investigative Environment) for their premier computer forensic analysis tools. CAINE, which contains many digital forensic tools, is a Linux Live CD. Particularly important to note, the latest version of this forensic analysis tool is based on the Ubuntu Linux LTS, MATE, and LightDM. The features are:
- Has a user-friendly interface.
- Updated, optimized environment for conducting forensic analysis.
- Of the forensic tools included, many are open source.
- Additionally, it hosts a User-friendly GUI, Semi-automated report generator.
This is one of the most powerful computer forensic analysis tools on the market. ProDiscover Forensic reads data at the sector level and helps recover deleted files. Additionally, it examines slack space and gives access to Windows Alternate Data Streams. ProDiscover Forensic dynamically allows a preview, search, and image-capture of the Hardware Protected Area (HPA) of the disk. This specifically helps locate all data on a computer disk, protects evidence and creates detailed reports. The features are:
- Creates a Bit-Stream copy of the disk (including the hidden HPA section) for analysis.
- Searches files on the entire disk; this includes slack space, HPA section, and Windows NT/2000/XP Alternate Data Streams.
- Previews files without altering data on disk, including file Metadata.
- Also, it examines data at the file or cluster level.
This network forensic analysis tool (NFAT), reconstructs the contents of acquisitions performed with a packet sniffer (e.g. Wireshark, tcpdump, Netsniff-ng). The tool helps extract and reconstruct all web pages and their contents (files, images, cookies etc). This tool is installed by default in the major descriptions of digital forensics and penetration testing, including Kali Linux, DEFT, BackTrack, BackBox, Matriux etc.
The features are:
- Supports different protocols HTTP, POP, IMAP, SIP, TCP, SMTP, UDP, IPv4, IPv6.
- Provides an input module to handle the input of data.
- Also provides an output module to organize the decoded data and to present them to the end user.
- PIPI (Port Independent Protocol Identification) for each application protocol.
- There is no limit on size as regards data entry or the number of files entrance.
- Modular components.
Lastly, X-Ways Forensics is a very advanced work environment for forensic professionals. X-Ways Forensics is a fully portable, efficient, fast tool that finds deleted files too. Additionally, it has some unique features. The features are:
- It runs off a USB stick on any given Windows system without installation.
- Can read partitioning and file system structures inside raw image files, ISO, VHD and VMDK images.
- Disk cloning and imaging, offers automatic identification of lost or deleted partitions.
- Also it views and edits binary data structures using templates.
In conclusion, each of the top Computer Forensic Analysis Tools offer a wide variety of different features. It is important to assess your needs when figuring out which system you will choose. Additionally, it is necessary to have a knowledge of what each tool can do, so you can be prepared to make the right choice.