From the Fall 2021 Issue

The Ardennes, Again

David W. Archer, PhD
Principal Scientist | Niobium Microsystems and Galois, Inc.

Zero-Day, Zero Trust, and the 99th Infantry Division  Zero Day

December 16, 1944. Unexpected Allied success after D-Day led to a thin defensive line in the Ardennes forest. Armed with that knowledge and suspecting weakness in the Allies’ resolve, Hitler swung his last big hammer in an attempt to shatter the alliance and force a truce. A combination of ignored intelligence, good German operational security, and bad weather made that hammer-stroke a complete surprise. At 5:30 a.m., the famed German blitzkrieg launched the Battle of the Bulge — striking a surprising analogy to modern zero . . .

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